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Marine Places

Krabi Coast

The area around Krabi on the western coast of southern Thailand is notable for its fantastic-looking formations of partially dissolved limestone, known as karst. This limestone was originally formed about 260 million years ago. At that time, a shallow sea covered what is now south Asia and slowly built up deposits of shells and coral that sediments washed in from the land subsequently buried. These formed layers of limestone, which were later thrust upward and tipped over at an angle when India began to collide with mainland Asia some 50 million years ago. Around Krabi and Phang Nga Bay to its north, chemical erosion of these limestone strata by rainwater, followed by sea-level rise, has created thousands of craggy karst hills and islands. These include a number of isolated cone- and cylinder-shaped karst towers that rise out of the sea to heights of up to 700 ft (210 m) and groups of towers that sit on broad masses of limestone. Many of these karst formations are elongated in a northeast–southwest direction, reflecting the axis (or strike line) around which the original layers of limestone were tipped.

Krabi Coastzoom image
  • Indian Ocean Northeast
  • Type Primary coast
  • Formation Chemical erosion of limestone followed by drowning
  • Extent 100 miles (160 km)
  • Location Andaman Sea coast of southwestern Thailand
Krabi Coast habitat mapzoom image