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Marine Places

Nile Delta

The Nile Delta is one of the world’s largest river deltas. As with all deltas, its shoreline is classed as a primary coast because it formed as a result of sediment deposition from a river, a land-based process. The flow of water that formed it and nourishes it has been reduced significantly by the Aswan Dam in Upper Egypt and by local water usage. The sand belt at the delta’s seaward side, which prevents flooding, is currently eroding, and anticipated future rises in sea level pose a threat to its agriculture, freshwater lagoons, wildlife, and reserves of fresh water.

Nile Deltazoom image
  • Atlantic Ocean East
  • Type Primary coast
  • Formation Deposition of sediment at mouth of River Nile
  • Extent 150 miles (240 km)
  • Location North of Cairo, northern Egypt
Nile Delta habitat mapzoom image