Marine Wildlife Encyclopedia
Atlantic Torpedo Torpedo nobiliana
Electric rays use special organs to produce electricity, which they discharge to stun their prey or attack predators. The Atlantic torpedo is the largest electric ray and can produce a shock of up to 220 volts—enough to stun a person. It can easily be recognized by its circular, disklike body and short, thick tail ending in a large, paddle-shaped fin. The Atlantic torpedo is a uniform dark brown or black on the back and white underneath. The electric organs are in the ray’s wings, or pectoral fins, and like a battery, they can store electricity. When hunting, the Atlantic torpedo wraps its wings around its prey before stunning it.