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Marine Animal Encyclopedia

Mushroom Leather Coral Sarcophyton species

This distinctive soft coral has a conspicuous bare stalk topped by a wide, fleshy cap covered in polyps. When the colony is touched or is resting, the polyps are withdrawn into the fleshy body, and it looks and feels like leather. Within this genus there are many similar species.

Mushroom Leather Coralzoom image
  • Class Anthozoa
  • Diameter Up to 5 ft (1.5 m)
  • Depth 0–165 ft (0–50 m)
  • Habitat Rocks and reefs
  • Distribution Tropical waters of Red Sea, Indian Ocean, and western and central Pacific
Mushroom Leather Coral habitat mapzoom image