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Oceana Magazine Spring 2009: Chef's Corner: José Andrés

Renowned chef José Andrés has become the face of Spanish cuisine as the host of the PBS show "Made in Spain," and his popular Washington, D.C.-based restaurants have made tapas an unexpected mainstay in the capital.

In Spain, the largest fishing nation in Europe, people eat everything from cod to octopus on a daily basis. Andrés believes that a chef can help promote sustainability to ensure that future generations can appreciate the traditional seafood that has fed Spaniards since time immemorial.

"We know there are fishes that make more sense to use than others, and we need to think about that at the time of making our menus," Andrés said. "There's no need to sacrifice quality or taste. Anchovy, mussels, oysters, sardines - the ocean gives us so many good things that we can feel good about using."

To learn more about José Andrés' restaurants, visit

Bocadillo de calamares fritos con allioli

(Squid sandwich with garlic mayonnaise)

This sandwich is a Madrid classic around the Plaza Mayor. But I ate my first squid sandwich in the town of San Fernando in the southern province of Cadiz, where I was doing my military service in the navy. I always looked forward to a fried squid sandwich when they gave us a day off. Beer is the usual accompaniment, but I'm not a beer drinker, so I always enjoyed my sandwich with a good sherry, which is quite traditional in Cadiz. I still think it's the best chaser for this exquisite sandwich.

Serves 4

1 pound fresh small squid, bodies and tentacles separated

2 cups all-purpose flour

Sea salt to taste

4 tablespoons allioli (page TK)

4 6-inch long sandwich rolls

Preheat oven to 350ºF.

Slice open the rolls, being careful not to cut all the way through. Lay them open on a baking sheet and lightly toast.

With a sharp knife, cut the squid bodies into 1-inch rings.

Heat 4 cups of olive oil in a deep pot over medium heat until it reaches 325ºF on a candy thermometer. Put the flour in a large mixing bowl and season with salt. Add the squid rings and tentacles and coat with the flour. Drop the floured squid into a mesh strainer or colander and shake gently to knock off any excess flour. Working in batches, fry the squid in the hot oil until golden, about 45 seconds. Transfer to a paper towel-lined plate with a slotted spoon and drain. Allow the oil to return to 325ºF between each batch.

Spread ½ tablespoon of allioli on each side of the toasted rolls. Fill each roll with fried squid and serve immediately.

José's tips: By toasting the rolls to a nice brown color, you'll give these sandwiches even more crunch.

Recipe from Made in Spain: Spanish Dishes for an American Kitchen by José Andrés. Published by Clarkson Potter.


(Garlic and oil sauce)

Makes about 1 cup

4 garlic cloves, peeled

Pinch sea salt

½ teaspoon fresh lemon juice (from about 1/4 lemon)

1½ cups Spanish extra-virgin olive oil

Using a mortar and pestle, mash the garlic and salt together until you have a smooth paste. Turn the mortar while you mash, scrapping down the garlic from the sides with the pestle. Add the lemon juice, then add the olive oil, drop by drop, as you continue to crush the paste with the pestle. Keep turning the pestle with a slow, continuous circular motion around the mortar as you drip the oil in slowly and steadily, making sure the paste absorbs the olive oil. Keep adding the oil until the sauce has the consistency of a very thick mayonnaise. If your allioli becomes too dense, add ½ teaspoon of water to thin it out. This process takes time-around 20 minutes of slow, circular motions around the mortar-to create a dense, rich sauce.

José's tips: If you're short of time, use a hand-held electric mixer, adding the oil little by little as you blend at high speed. Be sure to use the freshest garlic available.

Recipe from Made in Spain: Spanish Dishes for an American Kitchen by José Andrés. Published by Clarkson Potter.