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Marine Places

The Twelve Apostles

One of Australia’s best-known geological landmarks is a group of large sea stacks formed through the erosion of 20-million-year-old limestone cliffs. Known as the Twelve Apostles, even though there were originally only nine of them, the stacks are up to 230 ft (70 m) tall. In 2005, one of the stacks collapsed, leaving just eight. Collapses such as this are quite common and are an integral part of the erosion process.

The Twelve Apostleszoom image
  • Indian Ocean Southeast
  • Type Secondary coast
  • Formation Wave erosion of cliffs producing large sea stacks
  • Extent 2 miles (3 km)
  • Location Near Port Campbell, southwest of Melbourne, Victoria, southeastern Australia
The Twelve Apostles habitat mapzoom image