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Marine Animal Encyclopedia

Magellanic Penguin Spheniscus magellanicus

One of two species of black-and-white penguin from South America, the Magellanic penguin is identified by the two black bands across its breast. It feeds in the cold waters that flow northward from the Southern Ocean, eating small, shoal-forming fish such as sardines. Like its close relative, the Humboldt penguin, the Magellanic penguin nests in burrows, raising up to two chicks each year.

Magellanic Penguinzoom image
Magellanic Penguinzoom image
Magellanic Penguinzoom image
Magellanic Penguinzoom image
  • Order Sphenisciformes
  • Height 28 in (71 cm)
  • Weight 12 lb (5.5 kg)
  • Habitat Rocky coasts, open ocean
  • Distribution Southern South America, Falkland Islands, south Atlantic and south Pacific
Magellanic Penguin habitat mapzoom image