El Niño Triggers Urgent Need, Legal Requirement to Close Fishery to Protect Endangered Sea Turtles From Nets | Oceana

El Niño Triggers Urgent Need, Legal Requirement to Close Fishery to Protect Endangered Sea Turtles From Nets

Press Release Date: July 3, 2014

Location: Monterey, CA


Anna Baxter | email: abaxter@oceana.org
Anna Baxter

Conservation groups called out the National Marine Fisheries Service today for failing to implement the legally-mandated closure of the drift gillnet fishery in Southern California waters to protect endangered loggerhead sea turtles. El Niño conditions — warmer than normal waters — attract endangered loggerhead sea turtles to fishing grounds, where they risk entanglement in nets. When El Niño is occurring or forecasted, the Pacific Loggerhead Conservation Area (California ocean waters east of 120 degrees latitude) is, by law, closed to drift gillnet fishing during June, July, and August. Despite the agency’s own predictions of a 70 percent likelihood of El Niño conditions this summer, the agency has failed to notify the public that the fishing prohibition is in effect — in clear violation of federal law, according to a letter sent today by Oceana, the Center for Biological Diversity, and Turtle Island Restoration Network.

“Sea turtles will drown in drift gillnets if the government doesn’t act,” said Dr. Geoff Shester, California Campaign Director for Oceana. “California’s ocean waters are especially important to loggerhead sea turtles in El Niño conditions.”

The Pacific Loggerhead Conservation Area was established in 2000 to prevent the drift gillnet fishery from jeopardizing the loggerhead sea turtle’s existence. The seasonal closure protects loggerhead sea turtles following warmer waters off California in search of their preferred prey, pelagic red crabs. The agency failed to implement this closure during the 2002–2003 El Niño, prompting litigation resulting in the current prohibition on fishing during observed or predicted El Niño conditions. 

“The government’s failure to act quickly when conditions trigger the need for protections leaves the loggerhead sea turtle’s long-term survival up to chance,” said Catherine Kilduff, an attorney at the Center for Biological Diversity. “Gambling with the future of California’s sea turtles is deeply irresponsible and unkind—and strongly suggests smart fisheries management can’t coexist with wasteful and destructive mile-long drift gillnets.”

The Fisheries Service’s disregard for its own laws has been an ongoing pattern in this fishery. Most recently, in 2010, the killing of endangered sperm whales by the drift gillnet fishery should have triggered immediate emergency action.  But the agency failed to take action for almost three years.

“The government’s failure to implement its own rule to protect the Pacific loggerhead turtle from California driftnets, after it uplisted the species from threatened to endangered, adds fuel to the movement to phase out this destructive fishery that kills thousands of whales, dolphins and sea turtles,” said Todd Steiner, a biologist and executive director of Turtle Island Restoration Network.

Drift gillnets target swordfish and thresher sharks in ocean waters off California and form dangerous underwater walls that entangle whales, dolphins, seals, sea lions, sea turtles, other species of sharks, and other ecologically and economically important fish. Once trapped in these nets, most animals eventually drown. Between May 2007 and January 2013, the drift gillnet fishery discarded 61 percent of all marine animals it caught. Just last week the federal Pacific Fishery Management Council voted to consider new protections for several endangered species caught as bycatch in this fishery, acknowledging that the fishery needs to be cleaned up. 

In today’s letter, the conservation groups cite several sources of predicted and confirmed El Niño conditions that unequivocally demonstrate that the Pacific Loggerhead Conservation Area has been triggered. The groups indicate they will consider taking additional action if the Fisheries Service has not implemented the closure by July 8.                                                                                                                                                         


Oceana is the largest international advocacy group working solely to protect the world’s oceans. Oceana wins policy victories for the oceans using science-based campaigns. Since 2001, we have protected over 1.2 million square miles of ocean and innumerable sea turtles, sharks, dolphins and other sea creatures. More than 600,000 supporters have already joined Oceana. Global in scope, Oceana has offices in North, South and Central America and Europe. To learn more, please visit www.oceana.org. 

The Center for Biological Diversity is a national, nonprofit conservation organization with more than 775,000 members and online activists dedicated to the protection of endangered species and wild places. 

Turtle Island Restoration Network is an international marine conservation organization headquartered in California whose 150,000+ members and online activists work to protect sea turtles and marine biodiversity in the United States and around the world. www.seaturtles.org